The beginnings of Christianity are explained in the New Testament, which tells the story of Jesus. When he was about 30, Jesus was baptised by John the Baptist in River Jordan. The Spirit of God then lead him into the desert where he fasted for 40 days. After this, Jesus started the next phase of his life: preaching, teaching, performing miracles and healing people.
Christians believe in only one God who, as God the Father, is the creator of the world. He is all-good, all-wise and all-powerful. They believe God has revealed himself as well as his will and commands in the Bible.
The doctrine of the Trinity affirms that the three Persons in the Godhead, namely the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, are one.
The heart of the Christian message is that the human race is alienated from God because of sin and is therefore under condemnation. In a rescue bid, God sent his Son, Jesus Christ, to die for sin and redeem the world.
Another belief is the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who rose from the dead three days after dying on the cross. For Christians, this signifies the believer’s victory over death and the promise of eternal life with God. Many emphasise the belief that Jesus will return to Earth in the future, in an event known as the Second Coming. At that time, he will establish a new kingdom, judge the sinners and reward the faithful.
Salvation is a gift by the grace of God. Christians are saved from sin and death through belief or faith in Jesus Christ whom God had sent to be their Saviour.
The most important Christian symbol is the cross(or crucifix), a physical reminder of Jesus’ death and resurrection. Many Christians also regard it as a symbol of hope and victory.
This is a string of beads used in a traditional Catholic prayer known as the rosary, which combines prayer and meditation.
During baptism, people are immersed in water or have water sprinkled on their foreheads, representing the spiritual cleansing of their sins.
These are consumed in the Holy Communion rite, based on the Last Supper.
The word ‘Amen’ is a Hebrew word expressing the sentiment ‘So be it’ or ‘Verily’. It is said at the end of a prayer and is often used to punctuate group prayers to wish for the fulfillment of the prayer.